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            1. 研究:男性更愛不懂裝懂
              文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-05-08 09:12 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
              (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
              Men are more likely than women to fake expertise1 they don't have – and rich men are the worst culprits when it comes to speaking with authority on topics they have no idea about, according to a new study.
               
              一項新研究顯示,男性比女性更愛不懂裝懂——而在與權威人士交談時,有錢男人不懂裝懂的可能性最高。
               
              Researchers call this the art of 'BS.'
               
              Experts at the University College of London partnered with the Australian Catholic University to measure how pervasive2 the BS trait is among different demographic groups, according to The Washington Post.
               
              They asked study participants to give an assessment3 of how well they knew 16 different math topics on a scale of 1-5 – with answers ranging from, 'never heard of it' to 'know it well, understand the concept.'
               
              The tricky4 thing is, three of those topics were completely made up: 'proper numbers,' 'subjunctive scaling' and 'declarative fractions.'
               
              Anyone who said they were familiar or well-versed in the faux specialties5 was labelled a 'BSer.'
               
              A BSer is more likely to 'display overconfidence in their academic prowess and problem-solving skills,' the study said.
               
              In other words: be wary6 of braggarts – they're least likely to live up to the reputation they've built for themselves.
               
              Using data from nine predominately English-speaking countries, researchers found that North Americans were more likely to BS than people in other parts of the world – and Canadians are worse than Americans.
               
              By comparison, in Europe the BS trait was much more specific to men and the rich.Boys were more likely than girls to pretend they knew what the fabricated math subjects are – a finding that was consistent across all nine countries.
               
              However, the gap between men and women was smallest in the United States, suggesting that gender7 equality is a little more balanced here when it comes to BS.
               
              Researchers also found a major difference between socioeconomic classes, with the people living in richest households more likely to overstate their expertise – and the poorest least likely to indulge in BS.
               
              However, again, the gap was smallest in the US.
               
              The study also suggests that BS could sometimes manifest as a useful life skill, for example during job interviews and college applications.


              點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

              1 expertise fmTx0     
              n.專門知識(或技能等),專長
              參考例句:
              • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我們贊嘆不已。
              • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.讓你真正在專業技術上有一個全新的突破。
              2 pervasive T3zzH     
              adj.普遍的;遍布的,(到處)彌漫的;滲透性的
              參考例句:
              • It is the most pervasive compound on earth.它是地球上最普遍的化合物。
              • The adverse health effects of car exhaust are pervasive and difficult to measure.汽車尾氣對人類健康所構成的有害影響是普遍的,并且難以估算。
              3 assessment vO7yu     
              n.評價;評估;對財產的估價,被估定的金額
              參考例句:
              • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.這是一個對該情況的極富洞察力的評價。
              • What is your assessment of the situation?你對時局的看法如何?
              4 tricky 9fCzyd     
              adj.狡猾的,奸詐的;(工作等)棘手的,微妙的
              參考例句:
              • I'm in a rather tricky position.Can you help me out?我的處境很棘手,你能幫我嗎?
              • He avoided this tricky question and talked in generalities.他回避了這個非常微妙的問題,只做了個籠統的表述。
              5 specialties 4f19670e38d5e63c785879e223b3bde0     
              n.專門,特性,特別;專業( specialty的名詞復數 );特性;特制品;蓋印的契約
              參考例句:
              • Great Books are popular, not pedantic. They are not written by specialists about specialties for specialists. 名著絕不引經據典,艱深難懂,而是通俗易讀。它們不是專家為專業人員撰寫的專業書籍。 來自英漢 - 翻譯樣例 - 文學
              • Brain drains may represent a substantial reduction in some labor force skills and specialties. 智力外流可能表示某種勞動力技能和特長大量減少。 來自辭典例句
              6 wary JMEzk     
              adj.謹慎的,機警的,小心的
              參考例句:
              • He is wary of telling secrets to others.他謹防向他人泄露秘密。
              • Paula frowned,suddenly wary.寶拉皺了皺眉頭,突然警惕起來。
              7 gender slSyD     
              n.(生理上的)性,(名詞、代詞等的)性
              參考例句:
              • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法語不同于英語,所有的名詞都有性。
              • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.婦女有時僅僅因為性別而無法獲得種種機會。
              TAG標簽: men women rich
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